The development of the hottest packaging machinery

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With the improvement and development of China's market economy, the depth and breadth of commodity circulation are further expanded, and the role and position of the packaging industry in the national economy are becoming higher and higher. According to the economic development level of different countries, the output value of the packaging industry usually accounts for 1. 5% of the GDP 5% ~ 2.2% in the development of new aluminum based materials. The more developed the economy, the greater the proportion of the packaging industry, and it has become the top 10 pillar industry

China's packaging machinery industry developed after the reform and opening up. Due to its late start, most of the equipment was developed through digestion and absorption of imported equipment. With the rapid development of China's food industry, packaging industry and agriculture, China's packaging food machinery industry has achieved remarkable development. The number of product varieties is increasing, making the packaging and food machinery industry an emerging industry that directly serves the improvement of people's quality of life, the packaging industry and food industry, and the deep processing industry of agriculture and agricultural and sideline products. It has become one of the top ten industries of China's machinery industry

China is a country with a large population. Food is the most important thing for the people. The food industry occupies a very important position in the national economy. Packaging machinery is very important to improve the rate of food packaging. The development rate of strategic emerging industries supported by food packaging in the United States, Japan and Europe is 90%, 80% and 70% respectively, while that in China is only 5%. Therefore, the development potential of packaging machinery is very huge

with the continuous improvement of people's living standards, higher requirements are put forward for commodity packaging. Where there are commodities, there are packaging. It can be said that the packaging industry plays an important role in the development of the overall structure of the national economy. Packaging machinery products are widely used in food, medicine, chemical industry and other industries

only from the perspective of food and other light industrial products, they account for more than 1/3 of China's total export volume. They all require to improve the packaging grade, which brings many opportunities for the development of packaging machinery since 2 p.m. on the 19th

the ever-changing packaging corresponds to a wide variety of packaging machinery. With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, people's consumption patterns have changed from food and clothing to enjoyment. Therefore, the packaging machinery industry is a sunrise industry. In 2000, the national vegetable basket project alone required more than 100billion yuan of food and packaging machinery, of which packaging machinery accounted for about one third, with 30-40billion yuan

China's packaging machinery has developed rapidly since the late 1970s and early 1980s, and has developed faster since the 1990s. According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 2000 packaging machinery enterprises, with more than 550000 employees, more than 130 scientific research institutes and universities, and more than 1300 product varieties

in 2004, the product sales revenue of China's food and packaging machinery industry reached 55.8164 billion yuan, an increase of 21.34% over the 46billion yuan of the previous year, while the employees only increased by 2.27%, and the product sales rate was 98.23%, which was better than the previous year. The total output value of packaging machinery is about 20billion

in 2004, the import of packaging machinery was 194863800 US dollars, an increase of 11.99% over the previous year's 1.74 billion US dollars. Among the export equipment, packaging machinery was 278.4561 million US dollars, up 39.92% from 199million US dollars last year. Especially from January to September 2004, when the trade deficit of the machinery industry continued to expand, there was a surplus of 530million US dollars in food packaging machinery

in 2005, the output value of China's food processing industry and packaging industry is expected to reach 44billion yuan, with an average annual growth rate of 10%. It is estimated that the total domestic market demand in 2005 will reach 85billion yuan, and from the perspective of 2004, the import volume will not increase significantly, so the market share of domestic equipment will rise in 2005. It is predicted that the total domestic industry sales will reach 130billion yuan by 2010, and the market demand will reach 200billion yuan. In recent years, China has introduced nearly 2billion dollars of packaging food machinery every year, leaping to the second largest packaging machinery importer in the world

according to the analysis of the development trend of international packaging machinery, there is still a considerable gap between China and foreign countries in the level of packaging machinery in some fields. The main reasons are that we should develop high-precision and highly automated equipment, improve the technical content of products, pay attention to the application of high and new technology in packaging machinery, improve the serialization, standardization and generalization of packaging machinery products, and accelerate the upgrading of equipment. It is an important development direction in the future to establish a combined or modular structure system of modern packaging machinery

2 development status and trend of industrial technology

the development of packaging machines began in the mid-1980s. Through the adoption of international standards, the international influence of China's plastic machinery industry has been continuously improved and the characteristics of foreign advanced technology have been absorbed. The standard level, design and manufacturing technology and product quality have been greatly improved. The product quality of some enterprises has reached or approached the advanced level of similar foreign machines

with the initial stage, the technical level has made a qualitative leap, which is mainly reflected in the improvement of production efficiency and control level. PLC control has become a popular technology. However, compared with the international level, there is still a considerable gap, which is also mainly reflected in production capacity, control, monitoring, energy consumption, stability and reliability

there are 1300 kinds of packaging machinery products, but there is still a big gap with 3000 kinds in the world. This is not the key to the problem. The key is to meet the market demand and have characteristics. Another problem with variety and structure is that there are many single machines and few complete sets. Although new production lines are coming out, this problem has not been fundamentally changed

product quality - thanks to the efforts of this industry and related industries, the quality of packaging machinery has been greatly improved. It is exported every year. In 1998, the export value was US $45million. With the improvement of design, processing and materials, the appearance and accuracy of packaging machinery can be improved, and the variety and quality of domestic accessories can be increased to meet the general requirements of packaging machinery. The manufacturers of imported accessories have set up joint ventures, branches, offices and agents in China, making it convenient to purchase and narrowing the price gap. Many manufacturers choose imported accessories when the equipment requirements are high. This will greatly improve the quality and reliability of domestic packaging machinery

development trend of packaging machinery in China:

(1) improve the running speed and packaging quality of packaging machinery, reduce waste products and various losses, meet the packaging needs of bulk products, reduce operating costs, and meet the requirements of seasonal and timely packaging

(2) it is an important development direction in the future to improve the serialization, standardization and generalization of packaging machinery products, accelerate the upgrading of equipment, and establish a combined or modular structural system of modern packaging machinery

(3) promote the wide application of high and new technology in packaging machinery

(4) advanced manufacturing technology is highly valued by packaging machinery manufacturers. Advanced manufacturing technology includes manufacturing system management technology group, manufacturing work design technology group, material handling method and equipment technology group and related support technology group

3 import and export trade

1) since 2002, China's import and export of packaging machinery has always maintained a growth trend

in 2002, the export reached US $140million, a year-on-year increase of 25%; Imports reached US $1.02 billion, a year-on-year increase of 7%

2003, the export reached 199million US dollars, up 37.72% year on year; Imports amounted to US $1.737 billion, an increase of about 70% year-on-year

in 2004, the export was 278million US dollars and the import was 1.95 billion US dollars

2) export analysis

the largest amount of export of packaging machinery is the packaging machine and shrink packaging machine, with a cumulative amount of US $28.86 million, an increase of 32.6% over the previous year; The second was the filling machine, which reached US $15.81 million, an increase of 73.5% over the previous year; Third, the machinery for manufacturing Cartons, boxes, tubes, barrels and other containers reached US $13.2 million, an increase of 30.2% over the previous year. The fastest growth was in the non automatic cement filling machine (583.3%), followed by the paper plastic aluminum composite tank production equipment (475.5%)

in general, the export products are basically equipment with average technical level and low technical content. Most of the export places are third world countries such as Southeast Asia, the Middle East and Africa, which have advantages over the products of developed countries in terms of price

3) import analysis

the largest import of packaging machinery was paper and paperboard processing machinery, which was US $240.14 million, an increase of 175.6% over the previous year; The second was packaging machinery, which was USD 188.91 million, an increase of 10.3% over the previous year. The third was filling machines and other large-scale special direct packaging equipment, which was USD 109.85 million, a decrease of 3.6% over the previous year

most of the imported products are large-scale, highly automated and technologically advanced equipment that cannot be satisfied by domestic production. The main countries are developed countries such as Japan, Germany, Italy and the United States

4) trend analysis

since China's entry into WTO, China's export of packaging machinery has maintained a good growth momentum, and the import has not increased significantly as expected, which has not caused a great impact on China's packaging machinery manufacturing industry. However, there is still a big gap between China and foreign advanced technology products. China is in a weak position in the competition with imported products in terms of product development performance, quality and reliability, and still can not resist the influx of imported products. According to the current national conditions of China, most of the new, special and special food and beverage processing and packaging still use small and medium-sized packaging equipment, while the imported equipment is expensive, and most of them are fixed in one or a few food and packaging equipment. Therefore, we should continue to give full play to our advantages and characteristics, based on absorbing foreign advanced technology, launch medium-sized complete packaging equipment with good quality, and produce according to the idea of high quality and wide adaptability, It can not only compete with imported equipment, but also develop the market and export as export equipment

with the rapid development of China's economy and the expansion of economic globalization, the demand of domestic and international markets is expanding, new products and models are emerging, and the application of many new technologies has promoted the technological progress of domestic packaging machinery. In terms of export, both the quantity, amount and technical level will be greatly improved. The quantity and amount of imports will not decrease but increase over a long period of time, but will change in proportion to GDP

4 international competitiveness

China's packaging machinery industry developed after the reform and opening up. Due to its late start, most of the equipment was developed through digestion and absorption of imported equipment. Although it has achieved rapid development since the reform and opening up, it still can not meet the requirements of national economic development. Compared with developed countries, there is a big gap, and the product varieties can not fully meet the needs of foreign countries

however, our products also have obvious export advantages. There are many kinds of packaging machines in China. Small and medium-sized packaging machines have stable performance, simple operation, low price and are exported in large quantities. Such as strapping machine, bag forming and filling packaging machine, vacuum packaging machine and sealing machine are exported to Europe, Southeast Asia, Russia and other countries and regions

now, many packaging machinery enterprises go abroad to participate in packaging machinery exhibitions all over the world to promote their products, with good results. At this year's international packaging machinery exhibitions in Dusseldorf, Germany and Munich, many domestic enterprises visited and set up booths. Some enterprises also set up offices abroad to serve export commodities. In addition, many enterprises also cooperate with foreign advanced water

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